Education in China
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Higher education institution qualitative enhancement
- In 1950, the structure of HEIs was established
- Since 1995, 211 Project
- Since 1998, 985 Project
- Since 1992, National-scale mergers
- Since 2002, qualified Assessment
- Since 2004, Higher Education Evaluation Center
- Since 1995, cooperation with foreign institutions
In 1950, the structure of higher education estanblished, with much emphasis on institutions of science and engineering
Since 1995, 211 Project, 112 key universities
- To improve overall institutional capacity and quality of education
- To develop key disciplinary areas
- To build a higher education public service framework
Since 1998, 985 Project, 38 key universities
- Within the next 10 or 20 years, selected Chinese universities and key area of study to reach a world-class level and be internationally recoganized.
Since 1992, National-scale mergers (708 HEIs merged into 302 universities)
- Mergers between highly professional colleges with a single area of study or specialization.
- More research oriented large-scale comprehensive universities
- Covering all academic disciplines.
- Better management system, optimizing allocation of educational resources, and further improving the teaching quality and school standards.
Since 2002, Three types of qualified Assessment
- Qualified Assesmsent on undergraduate education (estanblished in 1976)
- Excellence Assessment on key universities (211 Project)
- Randow Assessment on the remainder of institutions
Since 2004, the Higher Education Evaluation Center (HEEC) was set up by the Ministry of Education (MOE)
- Quality assessment in all higher education institutions in 5-year cycles
- Ranking at 4 levels: excellent, good, pass and failure
- HEIs are obligied to report their data concerning teaching activities to MOE every year
- To evaluation of Bachelor degree programs and non-degree degree programs
- To provide data for the decision making body of the Ministry of Education
- To develop international cooperation and exchanges with higher education evaluation (accreditation) agencies/commissions
Academic Degree Committee of the State Council
- accrediting doctoral or master’s degree-granting schools or faculties, as well as examining and evaluating the quality of graduate education.
Non-governmental organisations affiliated with the MoE
- China Education Association for International Exchange (CEAIE)
- China Scholarship Council (CSC)
- Chinese Service Centre for Scholarly Exchange (CSCSE)
- Promoting student mobility and international cooperation
- Promoting and managing international exchange
- Managing scholarship schemes for government-funded students
- Foreign credential assessment and recognition
- Providing information and services to universities, students and other interested parties
Since 1995, cooperation with foreign institutions
- Cooperation with institutions in Hong Kong with authority to award foreign degrees, qualifications or degrees of HK universities in China is considered an effective way to improve the quality of teaching activities in Chinese HEIs.
- Joint programmes leading to foreign degrees, mostly with developed countries: Chinese-Foreign Cooperation in Running Schools
- Chinese manpower equipped with advanced knowledge
- Teaching styles & materials were introduced to China
- The JSJ website is to release information related to cross-border higher education in China. http://www.crs.jsj.edu.cn
- HE Credit system 学分
- Score: 100-point system
- No standard national credit system
- Contact hours only means lecture hours
- Contact hours are not only criteria to set up credit for some Chinese HEIs.
- Bachelor:180-240 Credits
Peking University: 15 teaching hours = 1 credit
Fudan University: 18 teaching hours = 1 credit
HE Grading system
A: Excellent (85-100%), A:90-100% A-:85-89%
B: Good (75-84%), B:80-84% B-:75-79%
C: Satisfactory (65-74%), C:70-74% C-:65-69%
D: Pass (60-64%)
F: Failure (0-59%)